North Carolina SB357 and S564

UPDATE from 4/3/18: A second bill, Senate Bill 564, was has been introduced by Senator Woodard. S564 has a larger list of prohibited species and USDA-licensed facilities are not exempt. Another difference is that S564 allows direct contact with animals by exempted facilities. This is prohibited by S357.

You can read S564 at

List of species in S564:

  1. Order Carnivora:
    1. Family Canidae: gray wolves (Canis lupus).
    2. Family Felidae: all species of felids, excluding domestic cats (Felis catus), and including hybrids of lions (Panthera leo), tigers (Panthera tigris), leopards (Panthera pardus), clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa, Neofelis diardi), snow leopards (Panthera uncia), jaguars (Panthera onca), cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), and mountain lions (Puma concolor).
    3. Family Hyaenidae: all species of hyenas and aardwolves.
    4. Family Ursidae: all species of bears.
  2. Order Primates: apes, old world monkeys, new world monkeys, excluding humans, all species of marmosets, capuchin monkeys, lemurs, and lorises

North Carolina Senate Bill 357 has been introduced by Senators Sawyer, Krawiec, and Gallimore. The bill covers these species:

  1. Order Carnivora:
    1. Family Felidae: all members of the genus panthera.
    2. Family Ursidae: all species of bears, excluding native species already regulated by the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission.
  2. Order Primates:
    1. Family Hominidae: all great apes, including all species of chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans.

Exemptions include USDA-licensed facilities and others (see bill text). Those qualifying as exempt will be able to conduct otherwise "prohibited activities": importation into North Carolina, possess, keep, purchase, have custody or control of, breed, or sell within this State.

However, the exception only applies to the defined "Prohibited activities." Qualifying facilities will only be exempt from section 19A-72 of the bill, titled Prohibited activities. Section 19A-75 Transport and containment will still apply.

If passed, the effective date is December 1, 2019. However, private owners who do not qualify for an exemption and want to register animals for continued possession, or be grandfathered, must:

  1. Have possession of animals prior to June 1, 2019;
  2. have documentation demonstrating proof of possession prior to June 1, 2019;
  3. allow for property inspection;
  4. must register the animals and pay fees with the local animal control authority buy Septemeber 1, 2019, and;
  5. be in compliance with all other requirements under the Prior possession section.

Section 19A-74 Prior possession can be found in the bill text.

You can read the bill text at

You can find full details on the bill at

S357 was referred to the Senate Committee on Rules and Operations.